What’s the deal with hellebores? Should the leaves be removed from all hellebores?
Remove the leaves of H. orientalis to the ground in January and February, being careful not to damage the stems of the emerging flowers. This is done to prevent disease from spreading and so you can see the flowers better. We usually leave the plant alone for the first two years.
H. niger is a true evergreen, so only remove the leaves that look bad.
H. argutifolius and H. foetidus have biennial stems that produce flowers in their second year. After they flower these stems can be cut to the ground and new shoots will have already emerged.
Note: When you cut the stems back don’t leave stubs, cut them to the ground.